You should take into account the indications of your teacher or director of work regarding its writing and organization. Remember that the library has sufficient bibliography to guide you in the preparation of your academic and research papers, including doctoral theses and guides or manuals in writing style.
In general, it should be written with correction, in a clear and direct language and with a good structuring of the information: it is about allowing partial and punctual readings that facilitate the reader to easily find what interests him. Using the paper help is essential there.
Parts of the work
A written academic work must contain the following elements:
Cover: indicating the title, the author’s name, the teacher’s name, the degree, the date and the express indication of what type of work it is (for a subject, TFG, TFM, etc.). The title is the first presentation of the work, and should be brief, concise, accurate.
Index or summary: table of contents where all the epigraphs of the parts of the work are recorded, in the order in which they appear in the same and with indication of the page in which they can be found. Your word processor will allow you to create it automatically.
Presentation or introduction: short text that sets out the purpose and objectives of the work, the scope, scope and limits of the research, the methodology used and the main conclusions reached.
Text of the work: the main body of the document and its most important and most extensive part, which will vary depending on the type of work you have to do (theoretical content, case study, project, technical study, bibliographic review, etc.), but in every case must be divided into homogeneous and numbered chapters.
Conclusions: the conclusions are the echo of the objectives set in the introduction of the work, and may be followed by recommendations. It is convenient that they appear numbered.
Bibliography: all documents consulted and used to carry out the work should be cited in a standardized manner. In the section How to cite and elaborate bibliographic references of Use and communicate the information you will find more extensive information on how to cite, how to elaborate the bibliography, and also different Tools for the management and generation of references.
Annexes: material used in the work, too extensive to be included in a note, but necessary to justify results and conclusions. It can be statistical tables, a set of graphs, legislation, chronology, etc.
Optionally, the initial elements can be completed with a Summary and a List of abbreviations and symbols and the final ones with all the Annexes (plates, plans, etc.) that are considered to include.
Some tricks in writing work
- Getting started is one of the toughest aspects of writing jobs: practice writing as you read about it, take notes and write.
- Writing is a way of thinking: do not wait to have a detailed reflection, start writing and put the ideas in order as you write.
- Ask questions helps define the objectives: the questions must also be answered directly.
The beginning of the text is relevant: do not start with a definition, but with a question and a point of view as an answer. The rest of the text will contain the arguments to answer the question from that adopted point of view.